Contact innovator

Tshering Nidup
Ribbon HUNDRED 2021
The Five Areas of Development is a holistic approach to learning for Cerebral, Emotional, Physical, Social and Spiritual development.

5 Areas of Development

location_on Bhutan
The pace at which the world is changing and will change is unprecedented. During the Pandemic, we saw how quickly established norms of life disappeared. In times like this what we need are individuals who strive to be the best version of themselves and value integrity and the world around them, we need persons of substance. This is why the 5 AOD curriculum is as important as ever.
Arun Kapur, 5 Areas for Development Creator
Teachers ask students to demonstrate what they have learnt, transforming learning into something they want to do. Students begin to teach their peers and become leaders in their own right.

Arun Kapur, 5 Areas for Development Creator


HundrED has selected this innovation to

HundrED 2021

HundrED 2020

HundrED 2019

HundrED 2018

Key figures

Innovation Overview

Target Group
3 500
167 302
Updated on August 9th, 2022
about the innovation

Why did you create this innovation?

Education systems around the world are driven by a curriculum that is very rigid and driven by teachers. The Five Areas of Development allow learners and their parents to share what they want their children to learn and the schools incorporate this into their curriculum. The learning process is also driven forward by Roadmaps designed by the student with support from their mentors.

How does your innovation work in practice?

Students and teachers collect inputs from their communities such as food recipes, indigenous games, patterns, songs, dances and language as well as expectations which become an integral part of the curriculum. These expectations are added to the students Roadmaps designed in the Five Areas of Development. A sample of a student Roadmap can be accessed here A collection of student Roadmap becomes the group Roadmaps. The Domain (subject) Heads incorporate the insights from group Roadmaps into the Domain Roadmaps. The Domain Roadmaps are used by the Five Coordinators to create Area of Development Roadmaps.

There is a strong focus on assessing students against themselves, not each other through the creation of individual Roadmaps. Indicators of success outlined in the Roadmaps, along with anecdotes from self and teachers form the basis of assessment.

A short video from the innovator, Mr Arun Kapur, can be viewed here -

How has it been spreading?

This innovation has been adopted by Pallavan School, Jhalawar, India and Paradise Valley school, Oman, and 22 schools in Bhutan.

In 2021, the Ministry of Education, Bhutan adopted the Five Areas of Development as the driving force behind the Education Reforms in Bhutan. To this effect, the innovation is transitioning to the Five Areas of Development in Dechencholing Higher Secondary School and Wangbama Central School. The Five Areas will be adopted in 20 more schools in Bhutan in 2022.

In September 2021, Five Areas of Development has been nominated as a finalist for Falling Walls 2021 in the category, Future Learning.

If I want to try it, what should I do?

School community collects aspirations from the students and teachers. Roadmaps are created by the students, groups, domains and Areas of Development. This could also include stories, indigenous games, recipe, etc.

The Roadmap in the Five Areas of Development guides the assessment of the students in the Five Areas.

Qualitative reports are generated based on indicators of success of the Roadmaps


HundrED Academy Review

The holistic approach of this innovation can have a huge impact on student wellbeing and learning. It is also a low tech solution, which increases the scalability in low connectivity regions.

- HundrED Academy Member

I believe simple things as training for teachers are the greatest innovation! And the 5 skills are really very important for kids, for humans and humankind!

- HundrED Academy Member
5 Areas of Development is a practical, multi-dimensional model aiming to address the needs of students through changing the focus of education. The concept, ideas and intention of the 5 Areas of Development could be easily used and adapted in other schools around the world to enrich any school curriculum.
Academy review results
High Impact
Low Scalability
High Impact
High Scalability
Low Impact
Low Scalability
Low Impact
High Scalability
Read more about our selection process

Achievements & Awards

October 2021
Five Areas of Development nominated as one of the finalists of Falling Walls 2021
July 2021
Five Areas of Development transitions to 22 Schools under the Ministry of Education, Bhutan
February 2021
The Five Areas of Development transitions to Wangbama Central School and Dechencholing Higher Secondary School under the Ministry of Education, Bhutan
October 2020
5 Areas of Development took part in the World Education Week
January 2020
Blockcerts issued to learners to enable them to take ownership of their learning achievements.
December 2019
The Innovator, Arun Kapur, has been awarded the Druk Thuksey in recognition of his extraordinary services to Bhutan by His Majesty the King of Bhutan.
August 2019
Scaled to Oman
July 2019
Summer Retreat for Teachers from Ministry of Education, Bhutan on the learning process of 5 Areas of Development
May 2019
November 2018
HundrED 2019
September 2017
HundrED 2018
September 2017
Innovation page created on

Spread of the innovation

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Inspired to implement this? Here's how...

Integrate the 5 Areas of Development into the school's learnin...
Before adopting the 5 Areas of Development, a mindset shift at the school may be needed, along with some practical preparations.
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Create individual roadmaps
These roadmaps set out the plans and visions of each individual student and teacher at the school.
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Create a roadmap for the whole school
Begin the process of combining individual roadmaps to eventually create a whole school roadmap.
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Incorporate the 5 Areas of Development into the curriculum
Sports, reflection and contemplation are included in the curriculum every day, and nature retreats are organised twice a year to give students a different kind of learning experience.
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Redesign assessment methods
Through the 5 Areas of Development, a range of methods are used to assess learners' progress.
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Continuously evolve the curriculum
The curriculum is dynamic, with a focus on skills and processes over content.
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