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Kadam - The Step Up Programme

place India

Letting children be the drivers of their own learning

Kadam, The Step Up Programme is a comprehensive set of tools and techniques to enable children to close their learning gaps, and for teachers to guide and facilitate the learning process. Each child is assessed to determine their entry point with age as the determinator for achieving learning level goals. Continuous and formative assessments are integrated as a participatory part of learning.

Spotlight 2021


HundrED has selected this innovation to

Formative Assessment: Improving Learning for Every Child

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Target group
March 2022
With distinct identity and commitment, Kadam brings a sense of importance for education in learners and a sense of responsibility towards education among all those involved in the process of learning.

About the innovation

Why did you create this innovation?

With the Right to Education Act 2009, schooling for ages 6-14 years became compulsory in India and required collective efforts from the state, communities and other organisations to bring out-of-school children under the umbrella of mainstream education. To address this, Kadam was developed by Humana People to People India (HPPI) as a learning enhancement program.

How does your innovation work in practice?

The focus of primary education in India is multifold and Kadam helps in catering to a large number of children for age appropriate school integration and providing simpler tools to achieve learning progression taking into account limited internet accessibility in many areas. Kadam caters to multi-graded classrooms where children are at different learning levels, providing accelerated learning to bridge learning gaps wherein core competencies are addressed to build a strong foundation to further learning. Holistic development of children is key for their cognitive progression and socio-emotional well being, including experiential learning for real life and long lasting learning. Kadam provides adaptive assessments, which are individualised for every child.

How has it been spreading?

Since 2014, Kadam has been successfully implemented in 9 states of India, and catered to the learning needs of more than 200,000 children. Kadam's teaching-learning strategy has been adapted and adopted by primary school teachers to plug the learning gaps in children to achieve age appropriate learning. The flexibility in the Kadam model is instrumental in its varied implementation which has been found to be advantageous for children who have no access to education, have access to schools but are not enrolled, are enrolled in schools but do not attend regularly, have dropped out of schools, are in regular schools but do not have age appropriate learning level.

If I want to try it, what should I do?

1. Obtain the Kadam toolkit
2. Understand how the Kadam methodology works
3. Use the tools and techniques with children as suggested in the programme model - some tools are for children while others are for teachers
4. Get accurate results of the baseline and end-line assessments
5. Enter data on MIS on regular basis
6. Involve parents and community members during the entire learning process

Impact & scalability

Impact & Scalability

This innovation determines diverse learning levels for students and the corresponding learning gaps according to formative assessment methodologies. When students that have been out-of-school are included in the programme, their entire learning process is monitored on a regular basis. Formative assessment is a strong component of this programme and children receive education adapted to their needs

HundrED Academy Reviews
The Bhutanese education system also strives for education for all and the toolkit considering the age level, multigrade, and focus on holistic development would be a great help for many Bhutanese schools with shortage of teachers or resources.
Well, no words to say - Education for all that can't access school due to poverty and other sociology-economic reasons. This Kadam program certainly carries the Act - Right to education.
- Academy member
Academy review results
High Impact
Low Scalability
High Impact
High Scalability
Low Impact
Low Scalability
Low Impact
High Scalability
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