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Dana Winters
Junlei Li
Tom Akiva

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Noticing and affirming the essential building blocks of effective relationships between children and adults.

Simple Interactions

Latrobe, Pennsylvania, USA
A practice-based, strengths-focused, and community-driven approach to support educators by affirming the importance of positive, responsive, and supportive human interactions in learning and development. If the relationship between a child and an adult is the active ingredient in development, simple interactions between children and adults are the basic building blocks of such relationships.
Introduction

How do we encourage, enrich, and empower human relationships around children?

Dana Winters, Director of Simple Interactions
“Remember how important you are. It is not the resources, curriculum, and other ‘stuff’ of education that is most important, but the presence of those helpers working with children every moment.”

Dana Winters, Director of Simple Interactions

The stories and science of human resilience tell us that children who have overcome poverty and adversity have had at least one positive human relationship with a caring adult. In fact, such relationships serve as the "active ingredient" of healthy human development, without which few practices, programs, or policies can make a meaningful or lasting impact. To improve the quality of children's care and education, especially in resource-deprived communities, our collective action needs to be guided by this essential question: "How do we encourage, enrich, and empower the human relationships around children?"

Simple Interactions (.org) is a collaboratively developed, broadly applied, and freely accessible set of tools and resources to guide teachers, parents, social workers, policymakers, and others to recognize and promote the most important resources in children's lives – their adult helpers. Our approach began with a simple, one-page illustration that captures the essence of what is inside a human interaction that helps a child learn and grow. The underlying elements are not novel, but enduring, well-known, scientific principles of human development – connection, reciprocity, opportunities to belong and to grow. The innovation is to make such big ideas simple, (freely) accessible, language-independent, and culturally universal. The Simple Interactions tools have been used as lenses to examine, analyze, discuss, and improve human interactions anywhere children live, learn, and grow. We support and facilitate communities to use observations, stories, and videos of authentic practices to identify what is already working in their daily practice and widen and deepen the impact of these practices.

Developed first for use in China with orphanage caregivers to discover their own powerful practices helping orphans with disabilities, collaborative teams based in Pittsburgh have since adapted the tools for use across the region and the Remake Learning Network. These teams have applied Simple Interactions to understand and strengthen human interactions in low-resource childcare centers, high-poverty public schools, out-of-school youth development programs, Children's Hospitals, museums and maker spaces, group homes, and with crossing guards on street corners. Through invited keynote addresses and workshops, the tools and messages have traveled to over 25 states and 4 countries, supporting practitioners, community leaders, and policymakers at state and federal levels.

Across these contexts, the application of Simple Interactions enables the following transformations: 

1) Allows communities of children's helpers to affirm, discover, and strengthen their own practices with children without being passive recipients of top-down research-prescribed or regulation-mandated solutions.

2) Integrates science and application with powerful messages and video illustrations to focus stakeholders across entire child-serving systems (e.g., teachers/administrators/regulators) on what matters most: the quality of human relationships.

3) Advances equity by dispelling the false equivalence between "quality" and "high-resource settings," advocating at statewide, national, and international platforms the importance of finding and growing what already works even in resource-deprived communities.

To support these efforts, the collaborative teams have successfully maintained the following implementation goals:

1) Using the Creative Commons License to make every tool and resource associated with Simple Interactions free for non-commercial use in perpetuity.

2) Maintaining financial sustainability through a variety of grants and contracts from federal agencies, state governments, and foundations, as well as funded partnerships with non-profit organizations.

3) Acting Locally, growing deeply in a few communities, and Thinking Globally, taking the messages across states and countries to support others to grow the ideas.

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Innovation Overview
1 - 18
Age Group
5 000
Children/Users
4
Countries
2010
Established
Not-for-profit
Organisation
511
Views
Focus areas
Tips for implementation
www.simpleinteractions.org
Connect with innovator
Dana Winters
Junlei Li
Tom Akiva
Media

See this innovation in action

Simple Interactions Tool Explained
Dana Winters
How Does Quality Grow? Junlei's Talk at Harvard Graduate School of Education (2017)
The Simple Human Interactions That Make Learning Possible
Harvard EdCast: Keep It Deep and Simple

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Steps

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01
Getting Started
As a professional learning approach, the key premise of Simple Interactions is the belief that the most sustainable best practices can come from what adults already do well with children and youth.
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02
Observing and Filming
In practice, the Simple Interactions approach includes observing and capturing on video the existing and emerging practices of children’s helpers in their authentic environments.
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03
Learning and Growing Together
After observations and filming, child- and youth-serving peers come together for a series of learning sessions, where the group views video recordings of their practice.
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04
Using the Simple Interactions Tool
The Simple Interactions Tool provides a common, descriptive language to talk about interactions in practice. It serves as a visual representation, highlighting the four dimensions of developmental interactions: Connection, Reciprocity, Inclusion, and Opportunity to Grow.
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05
Applying Simple Interactions to Your Context
The Simple Interactions approach can be adapted and adjusted for specific content areas and developmental contexts.
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