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Ribbon HUNDRED 2020
How can we design to encourage play, comfort & well-being?

Fuji Kindergarten

Tachikawa, Japan
To remove boundaries between the indoors and outdoors Fuji kindergarten has turned its school roof into a circular, endless playground and put nature at the forefront of its teaching with trees growing right through the middle of the classrooms.

What is Fuji Kindergarten?

Takaharu Tezuka, Architect
“Architecture is capable to change this world and people's lives. Fuji Kindergarten is one attempt to change the life of children. ”

Takaharu Tezuka, Architect

Physical elements of a school environment can have discernible effects on teachers and learners. In particular, inadequate temperature control, lighting, air quality and acoustics can have cause issues with concentration, mood, well-being, attendance and, ultimately, attainment.

Beautiful and thoughtfully designed spaces establish a positive reaction and relationship between children and school early on, this could have dramatic effects on learning abilities and achievements later on in their career. We need to constantly strive to provide children with the best start in life and design can be a part of this process.

The Fuji Kindergarten was built with children at the heart of its design. When the kindergarten outgrew their old premises, the Principal wanted to recreate a building where design could be a key part of the children's education - he was inspired to work with high class architects to create a school that would inspire children every day.

There are many considered elements to this school's design.

The classrooms in the building have sliding doors that can be kept open for at least two thirds of the year. There are no walls between classrooms, so noise floats freely from one class to the other, from outside to inside. This can be very important as many children get nervous when they're expected to be in a quiet box!

To help instigate face-to-face communication, something key to encourage in an increasingly digitalized world, water wells have been installed, encouraged to be used as informal meeting places to chat.

One of this kindergarten's most unusual features is that it has been designed as a circle, with an endless circular roof that allows the kids to run forever! With skylights on the roof children can express their inquisitive sides, looking up and down to see what their friends are up to.

There is also nature everywhere. Trees with giant safety nets, to stop kids falling through, are used as toys for them to climb, jump and shake. They can even climb to class with a giant tree in the middle of the school used to clamber to the next level.

Every month at Fuji the teachers and kids rearrange the classroom furniture. They filled the school with around 600 very light wood boxes so they can play/rearrange them to their heart's’ content, and are often used as pretend trains!

Due to it's wonderful usability Fuji Kindergarten was named by the OECD as the most outstanding educational facility in the world in 2011.







Read more ›
Innovation Overview
3 - 5
Age Group
5 547
Tips for implementation
Considering the main aspects of Fuji Kindergarten: Open Spaces, Background Noise, Circles & Nature all those looking to improve their buildings can consider ways to could improve these areas within their own school. To engage in an architectural design or redesign process, considering costs & timescales are also important. To read more about the design process check out their book "Tezuka Architects: The Yellow Book".
Contact information
Takaharu + Yui Tezuka Architects
HundrED Review

The innovation for the Tezuka architects is that they are doing what they feel they should do. This building is innovative in that it's custom built school designed to optimise wellbeing.


The building has impact on the children in many ways. There are no social outcasts & autistic children are able to integrate with other children and rarely display signs of their typical symptoms. In terms of physical exercise, their research study showed that six times more games were played on the Fuji Kindergarten Roof compare to a typical kindergarten and the average child in Fuji Kindergarten ran about three miles daily - 8 times more than a normal kindergarten!


The design of Fuji Kindergarten can be used to inspire future schools looking to enhance their learning environments so that they are best suited for their children.


See this innovation in action

Safe Roof Playground
Bogdan Badiu
Photo by Katsuhisa Kida/FOTOTECA
The best kindergarten you’ve ever seen | Takaharu Tezuka
Photo by Katsuhisa Kida/FOTOTECA
Photo by Katsuhisa Kida/FOTOTECA
Photo by Katsuhisa Kida/FOTOTECA


Achievements & Awards


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Inspired to implement this? Here's how...

Open Spaces
One of the key design features to consider is improving open spaced learning environments.
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Background Noise
Consider what the right level of noise for the learning environment might be.
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Consider how to create opportunities through design to encourage physical exercise and get children running joyfully.
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Consider how to incorporate opportunities for connection to nature into the building and outdoor spaces.
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