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Learning Centres in Patna, Bihar State are breaking the cycle of caste discrimination in India.

Education for 'untouchable' Dalit children in India

Patna, India
Illegal yet culturally ingrained caste discrimination against the Dalit minority in India is causing children to be ostracised from education and denied their rights. A major factor in breaking this cycle of discrimination is education. Working with local partners Children on the Edge are supporting 37 Learning Centres which focus on child rights, self esteem, and re-integration into school.
Introduction

Breaking the cycle of caste discrimination

“Every person has an inbuilt capacity for change. Children with limited resources are able to bring a change in their lives and the life of the community ”

Sr Veena Jacob, Director of Navjeevan Education and Social Welfare Society

The issue

The caste system assigns individuals a certain hierarchical status according to Hindu beliefs. Traditionally there are four principal castes (divided into thousands of sub-categories) and a fifth category of people who fall outside of the caste system; the Dalits. ​

The word Dalit translates as ‘oppressed’ or ‘broken’ and is generally used to refer to people who were once known as ‘untouchables’ because of the impurity and pollution connected with their traditional ‘outcaste’ occupations.

Dalits face discrimination at almost every level, from access to education and medical facilities to restrictions on where they can live and what jobs they can have. Deep-seated low self esteem and abuse has trapped Dalit communities in a cycle of poverty, abuse and exclusion.

The innovation

On rooftops and canal sides, in makeshift shelters and homes, all the Centres are child friendly environments that tackle barriers to education by providing opportunities to learn for over 900 children, enabling them to become proficient in maths, science and language. ​Our partners also work with local schools to encourage eventual integration into the mainstream system.

The curriculum includes a focus on rights (under Indian and international human rights law), caste discrimination and local justice systems. Through ten 'Children's Parliaments', 165 children learn about their rights and responsibilities, and how to campaign about the issues that matter to them. ​ 

Centres also form a platform to bring change in the wider community. An important component of this work is our support of 50 women’s groups, formed through a democratic process, educated about rights, and supported to realise them. They bring change through the creation of dialogue and the use of nonviolent action.

The time is right for investing in work that informs Dalit communities about their rights, gives them the tools they need to practice self-determination and develops their ability to create better lives.

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Innovation Overview
1 - 18
Age Group
900
Children/Users
1
Country
2014
Established
Not-for-profit
Organisation
55
Views
Tips for implementation
- Rights based curriculum - Focus on self worth, creativity and expression - Computer Centre to bridge digital divide - Women's group who lead in claiming rights through non violent action - Working with schools to aid re-integration and cover learning gaps - Child Parliaments develop young leaders
Media

See this innovation in action

Safe, accessible learning for all
Children are learning about their rights, and putting it into action.
Tackling the digital divide in Dalit communities
How to live in the middle of a river: Meet Bintoli Community
A great start for Children’s Parliaments in Patna
Expanding opportunities for Dalit girls in India
Kilometre-long chain of children call for greater protection in India

Milestones

Achievements & Awards

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