Learners look at the picture and answer two questions
The question "what do I see?" is aimed at exploring the facts of the photograph, things people can’t disagree on. These are observations. The question "what do I think?" prompts learners to make guesses and assumptions based on evidence that can be found in the photograph. These are inferences.
For example, a student might say they see water (an observation) and that they think it's a lake (an inferrence). The teacher may prompt the student to explain how they know it is a lake and the learner may extend the answer by identifying features which support the inference, such as the lack of waves and the trees around the edge of the water. Another inference would be if the student says they think it’s summer, because the sky is clear and blue and it looks like the sun in shining. They could also infer that the time is around midday because the shadows are right under the trees.
This process should take around 5 to 10 minutes. When students observe all the details of the picture, inferences and conclusions can be drawn that are reasonable and justified.
Students can record their detailed observations and inferences and then engage in a class discussion to reach consensus on what can be observed and inferred from the picture. This exercise could also be completed orally.