Prepare the necessary materials and the space for the Lottery
Collect paper and writing utensils and/or a computer to record the names and information of the students selected in the Lottery
Borrow a microphone/PA system if the space chosen for the Lottery is large and open
Select and/or design a lottery method that is fun and that utilizes resources already present in the school or the community. It could involve selecting different objects out of a box, raffle tickets, a computer software, or any other method involving randomness, but we recommend keeping it simple and understandable. If possible, engage students in designing the Lottery.
Note that different lottery methods take different amounts of organization and time. A computer program can easily randomly select 10 out of 1000 students in a split second, but this process is less visible and engaging. Meanwhile, having the entire school face off in many rounds of Rock, Paper, Scissors until only 10 students remain is fun, but it is also chaotic and time consuming. Try to design a lottery in a way that strikes the best balance given your space, time, and organizational constraints.
Take into account the different groups, if any, identified in step 2 that need to be proportionately represented. For example, achieving an even gender balance probably means conducting the Lottery with female students to select half the members of the student government and separately with male students to select the other half. Separate Lotteries could also be used in this way to select students from specific grade levels, classrooms, etc.
Organize roles and responsibilities: How many people will be needed to administer the Lottery? How many people will be needed to record Lottery ‘winners’? How many people will be needed to maintain order during the Lottery? And who will take on these responsibilities? Teachers? Students? Those administering the Lottery should not participate in the Lottery in order to ensure a fair process, so typically teachers administer the first Lottery and subsequent Lotteries can be administered by outgoing students who are finishing their term of office in the student government.